NCLEX Topics – Nutrition – Common diets


I hope your New Year has started off right and you’re ready to get back in the groove. This week we’re talking about Nutrition.

Saunders has an excellent section that details all things nutrition. Today we have a list of diets, later this week we’ll give you some videos, flashcards, nutrition.

Acne : low fat
Acute gastroenteritis : clear liquid
Acute glomerulonephritis : low Sodium, low Protein
Addison disease : high Na, Low potassium
Anemia – iron deficiency : high iron
Anemia – pernicious : high protein, vitamin B
Anemia – sickle cell : high fluid
Angina pectoris : low cholesterol
Arthritis – gout : purine restricted
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) : finger foods
Bipolar disorder : finger foods
Burn : high calorie, high protein
Celiac’s disease : gluten free
Cholecystitis : high protein, high carbohydrate, low fat
Congestive heart failure : low sodium, low cholesterol
Congestive heart failure : low sodium, low cholesterol
Cretinism : high protein, high calcium
Crohn disease : high protein, high carbohydrate, low fat
Cushing disease : high potassium, low sodium
Cystic fibrosis : high calorie, high sodium
Cystitis : acid ash (for alkaline stones) and alkaline ash( for acid stones)
Decubitus ulcer : high protein, high vitamin C
Diabetes mellitus : well balanced diet
Diarrhea : high potassium, high sodium
Diverticulitis : low residue
Diverticulosis : high residue with no seeds
Dumping syndrome : high fat, high protein, dry food
Hepatic encephalopathy : low protein
Hepatitis : high protein, high calorie
Hirschsprung disease : high calorie, low residue, high protein
Hyperparathyroidism : low calcium
Hypertension : salt restricted
Hyperthyroidism : high calorie, high protein
Hypoparathyroidism : high calcium, low phosphorus
Hypthyroidism : low calorie, low cholesterol, low saturated fat
Kawasakis’ disease : clear liquid
Liver cirrhosis : low protein
Meniere’s disease : low sodium
Myocardial infarction : low fat, low cholesterol, low sodium
Nephritic syndrome : low sodium, high protein, high calorie
Osteoporosis : high calcium, high vitamin D
Pancreatitis : low fat
Peptic ulcer : high fat, high carbohydrate, low protein
Phenylketonuria : low protein/phenylalanine
Pregnancy induced hypertension : high protein
Renal colic : low sodium, low protein
Renal failure – acute : low protein, high carbohydrate, low sodium (oliguric phase), high protein, high calorie, restricted fluid (diuretic phase)
Renal failure – chronic : low protein, low sodium, low potassium
Tonsillitis : clear liquid

Some more diets –

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